Contoh Skripsi : THE INFLUENCE THE OF MAIN CHARACTERS’ CONFLICTS TOWARD PLOT IN OSCAR WILDE’S “THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST”

 

ABSTRACT

 

 

In this thesis the writer uses a drama by Oscar Wilde, a controversial man of letters of England. This thesis focuses on the influence of the main characters’ toward plot in Oscar Wilde’s The Importance of Being Earnest. This thesis also applies psychological aspect to analyze the main characters’ characteristics.

In writing this thesis, the writer conducts library research method to collect the data and information by using some books and internet which are related to the problem. The writer employs one method of approach namely semiotic approach. The semiotic approach is applied to analyze the character, especially the main character, plot in the drama. The writer also uses psychological approach to analyze the intrinsic aspect such as character and plot.

In The Importance of Being Earnest, Jack and Algernon, are two characters who have different characteristics. Each of them creates another character. Jack creates Ernest and Algernon creates Bunbury. Having two different names, they can do anything in two different places, in the town and in the country. In addition, the main characters experience both internal and external conflict during the drama. Mainly, both Jack and Algernon have the same internal conflict. They concern if someday their real identity would be revealed by their girls. Meanwhile Jack’s conflict toward Lady Bracknell about his origin makes him try hard to reveal it. Algernon’s undercover as Ernest at Manor House, Jack’s place, makes their real identity are finally revealed and clear up Jack’s origin through Miss Prism and Lady Bracknell’s explanation. In conclusion, the internal and external conflicts of Jack and Algernon lead to the revelation of Jack’s origin. Both internal and external conflicts influence the plots of drama, such as Algernon’s conflict toward Jack causes him to pretend as Ernest at Manor House in order that he can meet Cecily, and Jack’s internal conflict causes him to decide to vanish his created bother, Ernest.

The Importance of Being Earnest reflects a moral value dealing with human’s daily life, namely honesty. A person may do anything to reach his/her aim, but being honest is something hard to do. He/she may be smart to conceal a falsehood, but it would be revealed eventually. Hence, in any condition honesty is needed although it is painful.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PAGE OF TITLE.................................................................................................... i

APPROVAL......................................................................................................... ii              

APPROVAL SHEET........................................................................................... iii

PAGE OF DEDICATION................................................................................... iv

MOTTO................................................................................................................. v

TABLE OF CONTENTS..................................................................................... vi

ACKNOWLEGDEMENT................................................................................. viii

ABSTRACT.......................................................................................................... x

CHAPTER I    : INTRODUCTION

1.1.    Background ......................................................................... 1

1.2.    Objective of the Study ........................................................ 3

1.3.    Scope of the Study ........................................................ .... 4

1.4.    Method ................................................................................ 4

1.4.1        Method of The Study .............................................. 4

1.4.2        Method of Approach ............................................... 5

CHAPTER II    : BIOGRAPHY AND SYNOPSIS

2.1    Biography of Oscar Wilde .................................................. 7

2.2    Synopsis of The Importance of Being Earnest ................. 10

CHAPTER III  : REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

3.1    Definition of Character and Characterization .................. 17

3.2    Definition of Conflict ....................................................... 21

3.3    Definition of Plot .............................................................. 23

CHAPTER IV  : THE INFLUENCE OF MAIN CHARACTERS’

CONFLICTS TOWARD PLOT IN OSCAR WILDE’S THE IMPORTANCE

OF BEING EARNEST

4.1    The Main Characters in Oscar Wilde’s The Importance

 of Being Earnest .............................................................. 25

4.1.1        John Worthing (Jack Cardew) .............................. 25

4.1.2        Algernon Moncrieff (Algy) .................................. 29

4.2    The Conflicts of The Main Characters ............................. 31

4.2.1        The Internal Conflict ............................................ 31

4.2.2        The External Conflict ........................................... 33

4.3    The Plot of Oscar Wilde’s The Importance of Being Earnest              38

4.3.1        Exposition ............................................................. 38

4.3.2        Rising Action ........................................................ 39

4.3.3        Climax .................................................................. 41

4.3.4        Falling Action ....................................................... 42

4.3.5        Resolution (Denouement) ..................................... 43

4.4    The Influence of The Main Characters’ Conflicts Toward Plot in Oscar Wilde’s The Importance of Being Earnest ............................................ 44

CHAPTER V    : CONCLUSION ...................................................................... 50

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1    Background

Human beings as one of the three alive-creatures besides animal and plant have a particular ability, which makes him so special, that dominates the others. They are able to adapt, to survive and to analyze the universe phenomenon, which make their quality of life better and better since the past. They have the whole ability because God has granted them brain. Their curiosities are so great that they learn more and more. Besides, something that makes them more special than the others is they know the way to express their feeling, thought, and emotion. Something to provide “a place” for all of the people’s expression is literature.

Literature, according to Moleong as quoted by Spadlex (2000:13), is the knowledge which is earned by human beings arise conduct and it is used to reflect and express experience.  Another opinion said that literature is one of the great creative and universal means of communicating the emotional, spiritual, or intellectual concerns of mankind (The Encyclopedia of Americana, vol. 22:559). It seems that something human being does deals literature, especially in communicating. To communicate to each other may be done by a means, such as by a letter, speaking directly, by phone etc. Even something they wrote or said, no matter what its content, could be called a literature. Well, in this life, in purpose or not in purpose, they have involved in a literature.

By using their mind they produced an expression of their feeling, emotion and thought to communicate with others. And this result of literature is called a literary work. Literary work consists of two types, namely imaginative and non-imaginative. Both literary works are basically the same, that is both are expressed aesthetically, but they have a different in expression. Imaginative type is commonly using connotative sentence to express an idea, while non-imaginative type is more realistic than the imaginative one. It uses denotative sentence.

Non-imaginative type consists of essay, criticism, biography, autobiography, history, memoir, diary, and letters. And imaginative type consists of poetry, fiction, and drama. In this paper, the writer takes a drama as an object that will be further analyzed. Drama may be defined as a work of literature or a composition which delineates life and human activity by means of presenting various actions of – and dialogues between – a group of characters (Reaske, 1966:5).

Drama was firstly introduced by a Greek philosopher Aristotle. He also identified six elements of drama that enhance not only the story telling, but also the instructive and aesthetic values of a play. The first four of the elements is plot, character, thought, and diction (relate to drama / written script). And the last two elements are music and spectacle (relate to theatre / the play in performance). (http://www.appendix%20C%20elements.html, accessed on December 21st 2004).

To analyze a drama in a study or paper there must be minimally two elements that support each other, such as plot and character. Plot and character are two significant elements and very needed in a story. Plot is the arrangement of the incidents or events in a story, which are interconnected each other, that makes a story more interesting and easy to be comprehended. Meanwhile, character is the player in the story; it may be humans, animals, or other imagination creatures created by the author.  The story contains problems appearing within the actions that make the character struggle to overcome the problems. Therefore, the writer takes a topic “The Influence of the Main Character’s Conflicts towards Plot in Oscar Wilde’s The Importance of Being Earnest”. The writer utilizes the characteristic of the main character and is supported by the plot to find out the influence the character’s conflicts towards the plot in the play.


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